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Wednesday, 11 January 2023 11:46

Don't Sow Without Knowing: The Value of Pre farming Training

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Without training, farming can become a chaotic, field-level disaster. To ensure the optimal growth and productivity of a farm, farmers must embrace pre-farming training to understand the nuances of the land they are growing crops upon, the crops they are growing or the livestock they are raising. Those who understand the complexity and coordinate their efforts accordingly can maximize the success of their harvests and, in turn, the profitability of their farms.


Pre-farming training helps reduce risk and increase productivity. It is essential that farmers are aware of the soil conditions and health of the soil to assess and improve fertility and reduce the risk of crop failure. They should also be aware of their climate and the changing conditions over the seasons. Having an understanding of pest control, weeds, and crop rotation can all add to reducing risk of disease, inclement weather, and associated crop failures.


Pre-farming training is also essential in understanding the most effective methods of raising livestock, planting and harvesting crops to obtain the maximum yield and success. There are various considerations, such as seeding rate, seedbed preparation, furrow opening, seed placement, seed-soil contact and seed coverage that are important to optimizing harvesting success. Farmers need to understand the right time to plant. Also, the sequencing of crops, for example using a “smother or cover crop” to reduce weed pressure, is a great way of making a farm more productive and efficient.


Modern farming technologies also require a knowledge and readiness on the part of the farmer. This may include a knowledge of GPS, computerized machinery and satellite imagery, to name a few. In addition to mechanical technology, a farmer must have an understanding of integrated pest and land management techniques, the use of fertilizers, herbicides and the appropriate use and storage of farm chemicals.


Pre-farming training can also help farmers with market insights, proper record keeping, budgeting and understanding the economics of their farming operations. Having a clear understanding of the associated costs, such as seed and fertilizer and labour, as well as keeping records of yields, production costs and market price trends, is beneficial in any business, especially in farming.


Overall, pre-farming training is an invaluable tool for the modern farmer. With a thorough understanding of their land, crops, weather and technology, farmers can be prepared to properly sow and maximize harvests. The knowledge and acute awareness they get from pre-farming training will enable them to reduce the risk of crop failures and be greater prepared for a profitable and successful harvest.


In Zimbabwe, there are a number of reputable colleges that offer professional training to get you started. 

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